Pegasus
Institute of Pain Management & Sports Injury

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Alternative Therapy

YOGA

Yoga is a Hindu Spiritual & ascetic discipline, a part of which, including breath control, simple meditation & the adoption of simple bodily postures is widely practiced across the globe for health & relaxation. The origin of “YOGA” date back to pre-Vedic Indian tradition, but most likely developed 1000-5000 BC.

THERAPEUTIC YOGA

  • Yoga therapy is a type of therapy that uses yoga postures (Asanas), breathing exercises (Pranayams) and guided meditation to improve mental & physical health.
  • A normal healthy person can do any yoga as per his/her stamina without a possibility of doing any harm provided the person is practicing the yoga correctly. But if a person suffers from any medical illness like arthritis, lumbar spondylitis, cervical spondylitis, neurological disorders, muscular weakness, asthma, heart disease, hypertension etc., in that situation the person has be very selective in doing the Yoga. In that situation certain Yoga are very beneficial where as other could lead to more problem & harm the person or even endanger the life. Such selective Yoga practice is called therapeutic Yoga. Only a professional who has proper medical knowledge is capable of guiding people with disease or pain for appropriate Yoga. The classical yoga can also be modified by qualified professional to suit the person according to his medical condition.

Yoga therapy has been found to be effective in the treatment & management of the following problems:-Back Pain, Arthritis, Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, Headache, Neck Pain, Muscular Pain, Generalized Body weakness, Migraine, Hormonal Imbalances, Women related problems, Facial palsy, Postural pain, Thyroid Problems, Diabetes, Depression, Stress & Stroke/Paraparesis.

Therapeutic yoga for:-

Back Pain

A gentle practice of spinal lengthening, forward bending & back bending poses will circulate (vital air) and blood to help a strained back & alleviate pain. Yoga poses that promote good postures, strengthen the abdominals & stretch the hamstrings will also be helpful.

The following Yoga are useful in back pain:-

Child’s (Balasana Pose), Shalabhasana (locust Pose) Merjery asana (Cat-cow pose), Markat asana (Spinal & pelvic twist),Focus on the Breath, Kneeling Groin stretch Baddha Konasana in Prone), Baddha Konasana (Bound angle Pose) & Cobra (Bhujangasana Pose)

Arthritis

Therapeutic yoga helps in relieving arthritic pain & joints stiffness.

Veerbhadrasana or warrior pose, Beneficial for frozen shoulders, Hip joints pain, Vrikshasana or Tree Pose, Setubandhasana (Bridge Pose),Trikonasana (Triangle Pose) & Anuloum-viloum Pranayama are few of them.

Cardiovascular Disease

The Standing Poses strengthen the cardiac reserve & Forward bending soothes the nerves & brings down the heart rate. Uttanasana (forward bending in standing), Paschimottanasana (forward bending in long sitting), Shasankasana, Shavasana, Kapalbhati, Bhastrika Pranayama is Prohibited for People suffering from heart disease, High blood Pressure,Bhramri Pranayama & Breath awareness meditation are few of the yoga useful in cardiovascular diseases.

Asthma

The following Yoga are useful in respiratory diseases:- Shashankasana/Balasana,Shavasana,Anulom-Viloum Pranayama,Nadi Shodhan Pranayama & Bhastrika Pranayama (Breath of fire)

Yoga for Weight Loss

Stress is one of the main reasons which leads to weight gain. Power yoga is more effective for of yoga for weight control.

Virabhadrasana B (warrior II),Virabhadrasana C (warrior III),Triangle/Trikonasama Adhomukha svasasana (Downward Dog),Sarvangasana (Shoulder stand),Parivstta Utkatasana (Twisted chair),Dhanurasana & Sun Salutations (Suryanamaskar).

Kapalbhati Pranayam helps in reduc ing belly fat,Bhastrika & Bhramri Pranayams helpful in alternating stress, calms down the nervous system.

General Fitnes

Few of the Yoga for general fitness Vinyasa means “Breath-Synchronized movement” includes variation of poses in a session. Perfect for beginners.

Standing asanas, Sitting Asanas, Lying asanas, Lying on back,Lying on belly, Pranayams (Breathing exercises), Anulom-viloum,Bhramri, Radishodhan pranayams & Kapalbhati

ACUPUNCTURE

Acupuncture is a form of treatment that involves inserting very thin needles through a person's skin at specific points on the body, to various depths.

How does it work ?

Traditional Chinese medicine explains that health is the result of a harmonious balance of the complementary extremes of "yin" and "yang" of the life force known as "qi," pronounced "chi." Illness is said to be the consequence of an imbalance of the forces.

Indications

Low back pain, Neck pain, Osteoarthritis Knee pain, Headache and migraine High and low blood pressure, Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, Painful periods, Dysentery, Allergic rhinitis, Facial pain, Morning sickness, Rheumatoid arthritis, Sprains, Tennis elbow, Sciatica, Central pain, Reducing the risk of stroke & Inducing labour.

Other conditions for which the WHO say that acupuncture may help but more evidence is needed include:-

Fibromyalgia, Neuralgia, Post-operative convalescence, Substance, tobaccor and alcohol dependence, Spine pain, Stiff neck, Vascular dementia, Whooping cough, or pertussis & Tourette syndrome.

Benefits

Acupuncture can be beneficial in that:-

Performed correctly, it is safe, There are very few side effects, It can be effectively combined with other treatments, It can control some types of pain & It may help patients for whom pain medications are not suitable.

Risks

All therapies have risks as well as benefits.

The possible risks of acupuncture are:-

It is dangerous if a patient has a bleeding disorder or takes blood thinners, Bleeding, bruising, and soreness may occur at the insertion sites, Unsterilized needles may infect the patient, In rare cases, a needle may break and damage an internal organ & When inserted deeply into the chest or upper back, there is a risk of collapsed lung, but this is very rare.