Institute of Pain Management & Sports Injury

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Sports Injury Treatment

Sports Injury Management

Sports injuries occur during exercising in park/home or while participating in a sport or doing exercises in Gym / any fitness centre. The following factors make one prone for injuries:-

  • a) Playing occasionally (Playing once in a while)
  • b) Not doing proper warm ups
  • c) Not playing with proper technique/equipment
  • d) Playing contact sports like football, hockey, basketball, Kabaddi etc.
  • e) Over weight/ Obesity with poor muscle mass.

Different sports injuries produce different symptoms and complications. The most common types of sports injuries include-

Sprains Overstretching or tearing the ligaments results in a sprain. Ligaments are pieces of tissue that connect two bones to one another in a joint.

Strains Overstretching or tearing muscles or tendons results in a sprain. Tendons are thick, fibrous cords of tissue that connect bone to muscle.

Knee injuries Any injury that interferes with how the knee joint moves could be a sports injury. It could range from an over stretch to a tear in the muscles or tissues in the knee. Like meniscus or ACL.

Swollen muscles Swelling is a natural reaction to an injury. Due to inflammation/haematoma formation bleeding with in tissue also result in pain.

Fractures Bone fractures are also known as broken bones.

Dislocations Sports injuries may dislocate a bone in your body. When that happens, a bone is forced out of its socket. This can be painful and lead to swelling and weakness.

Few other common injuries are:-

Retrocalcanean bursitis at back of heel, olecranon bursitis at elbow, sub acromial bursitis at shoulder or patellar bursitis at knee, Damage to lining cartilage (Osteochondral fractures) in major joints like knee, hip, ankle, shoulder, Concussion/minor/severe head injury, Hamstring injuries, Shoulder pain-Rotator cuff injury, supraspinatus tendonitis, Tendonitis-at elbow (Tennis/Golfer’s elbow). Achilles tendonitis at back of heel.

The diagnosis of sports injuries are now much easier than before because of advanced diagnostic facilities. We boast of most advanced imaging facilities for diagnosis & treatment of sports injuries like Digital X rays, Musculo-Skeletal Ultrasound, CT scan etc


There are few tips for prevention of sports injuries:-

  • (a) Always do proper warm up & stretching prior to main sports activity.
  • (b) Use proper technique, equipment, shoes etc.
  • (c) Don’t overdo, know your limits.
  • (d) Be consistent, don’t exercise/play occasionally(once in a while)
  • (e) Don’t put on body weight
  • (f) Always do “cool down” activity after workout.

The treatment of injury depends upon many factors.


Minor injuries, such as mild sprain and strains, can often be initially treated at home using "PRICE" Therapy for two or three days.

Price stands for protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation.

Protection the affected area from further injury-for example, by using a support/ splint/slab

Rest avoid exercise and reduce your daily physical activity. Using crutches or a walking stick may help if you can’t put weight on your ankle or knee. A sling may help if you’ve injured your shoulder/elbow.

Ice apply an ice pack to the affected area for 15-20 minutes every two to three hours. A bag of frozen peas, or similar, will work well. Wrap the ice pack in a towel so that it doesn't directly touch your skin and cause an ice burn.

Compression use elastic compression bandages during the day to limit swelling.

Elevation keep the injured body part raised above the level of your heart whenever possible. This may also help reduce swelling.


Painkillers, such as Paracetamol, can be used to help ease the pain. Ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) tablets or creams can also be used to ease pain and reduce any swelling. Local spray/patches are also very helpful.


Immobilization can sometimes help prevent further damage by reducing movement. It can also reduce pain, muscle swelling and muscle spasm.
For example, slings, splints and casts may be used to immobilize injured arms, shoulders, wrists and legs while you heal.


Lots of people recovering from sports may benefit from physiotherapy. It's a specialist treatment where techniques such as massage, manipulation exercises & other modalities are used to improve range of motion, strengthen the surrounding muscles, and return the normal function of the injured area. Most modern & advanced equipments are available at physiotherapy section of PEGASUS to help in healing of joints ligaments, tendon & muscle injuries. Apart from giving quicker relief from pain, this also helps in early mobility. The cry flow (cold air at -32˚C) unit, high intensity laser (12 W), shockwave therapy & vaccu-combo therapy are some of the modalities used for the purpose. Rehabilitation department at PEGASUS has all the required equipments & gadgets which are needed to improve range of movements at stiff joints & regain the muscle power back to normal. This also reduces the possibility of recurrence of injury.


Local corticosteroid injection by interventional pain management consultants/Orthopaedic Surgeons. A corticosteroid injection may be recommended if you have severe or persistent inflammation.


Most of the sports injuries are well treated by “PRICE”, NSAIDS, Physiotherapy, Local corticosteroid etc. The people who have major or more serious injuries & cannot be treated with conservative methods may be benefited by surgical intervention. We have extremely talented team of highly experienced orthopaedic trauma surgeon, arthroscopic surgeon, spine surgeon, hand surgeon, Knee & hip surgeon & joint replacement surgeon. Our modular operation theatre with advanced equipment, image intensifier & other operating instrumentation can handle all kind of sports injuries where surgical intervention is required. A broken bone may require fixation with wires, plates & screws or intra-medullary nails (rod). A torn rotator cuff at shoulder may need arthroscopic repair. Complete ACL injury at knee may need arthroscopic reconstruction, surgical filling of an osteochondral defect in weight bearing surface of knee or ankle joints are few of the procedures perform at our facility.